Improvements and Advances to the Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) Ocean Vector Wind Analysis (V2.0 release)

Joel P Scott1, Frank J Wentz1, Ross N Hoffman2 and Robert M Atlas3, (1)Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA, United States, (2)Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, MA, United States, (3)NOAA Miami, Miami, FL, United States
Abstract:
Ocean vector wind is a valuable climate data record (CDR) useful in observing and monitoring changes in climate and air-sea interactions. Ocean surface wind stress influences such processes as heat, moisture, and momentum fluxes between the atmosphere and ocean, driving ocean currents and forcing ocean circulation. The Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) ocean vector wind analysis is a quarter-degree, six-hourly global ocean wind analysis product created using the variational analysis method (VAM) [Atlas et al., 1996; Hoffman et al., 2003]. The CCMP V1.1 wind product is a highly-esteemed, widely-used data set containing the longest gap-free record of satellite-based ocean vector wind data (July 1987 to June 2012). CCMP V1.1 was considered a “first-look” data set that used the most-timely, albeit preliminary, releases of satellite, in situ, and modeled ECMWF-Operational wind background fields.

The authors have been working with the original producers of CCMP V1.1 to create an updated, improved, and consistently-reprocessed CCMP V2.0 ocean vector wind analysis data set. With Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) having recently updated all passive microwave satellite instrument calibrations and retrievals to the RSS Version-7 RTM standard, the reprocessing of the CCMP data set into a higher-quality CDR using inter-calibrated satellite inputs became feasible. In addition to the use of SSM/I, SSMIS, TRMM TMI, QuikSCAT, AMSRE, and WindSat instruments, AMSR2, GMI, and ASCAT have been also included in the CCMP V2.0 data set release, which has now been extended to the beginning of 2015. Additionally, the background field has been updated to use six-hourly, quarter-degree ERA-Interim wind vector inputs, and the quality-checks on the in situ data have been carefully reviewed and improved.

The goal of the release of the CCMP V2.0 ocean wind vector analysis product is to serve as a merged ocean wind vector data set for climate studies. Diligent effort has been made by the authors to minimize systematic and spurious sources of error. The authors will present a complete discussion of upgrades made to the CCMP V2.0 data set, as well as present validation work that has been completed on the CCMP V2.0 wind analysis product.