Assessing Marine Species Exposure to Ocean Acidification

Elizabeth Jewett1, Shallin Busch2, Paul Mcelhany3, Dwight K Gledhill4, Lisa M Milke5 and Daniel Wieczorek5, (1)NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, Silver Spring, MD, United States, (2)NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA, United States, (3)NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Mukilteo, WA, United States, (4)NOAA, Ocean Acidification Program, Silver Spring, MD, United States, (5)NEFSC Milford Laboratory, Milford, CT, United States
Assessing the vulnerability of society to ocean acidification (OA) demands an understanding of both the sensitivity of economically important species together with an organism's exposure to potentially harmful carbonate chemistry conditions. However, research has revealed that sensitivity to OA is frequently life-stage dependent and the environmental conditions experienced by a marine organism often vary with life-stage. Enhancing the development of a National Ocean Acidification Observing Network (NOA-ON) and establishing appropriate treatment conditions for experimental studies requires careful consideration of where the vulnerable life-stages of an organism reside in space (e.g., estuary versus oceanic), depth (e.g., surface mixed layer versus benthos), and time (e.g., diel vertical migration, seasonality of the chemical environment within the context of an organism life cycle). Few studies have explicitly attempted to document carbonate chemistry dynamics specific to a given organism's life-cycle. Here we estimate carbonate dynamics in terms of aragonite saturation state range and variability within the U.S. Northeast and West Coast through the application of NOAA’s NOA-ON assets mapped out with respect to the life stages of economically important species within those regions. Two economically important species will be considered for which the life-cycles are well known along with the sensitivities to OA for early life-stages: Atlantic Surf Clam in the northeast and Dungeness Crab of the northwest coast of the U.S. Other species may also be considered.