Operationalizing Dynamic Ocean Management (DOM): Understanding the Incentive Structure, Policy and Regulatory Context for DOM in Practice

Rebecca L Lewison, San Diego State University, Biology, San Diego, CA, United States, Whitley Joseph Saumweber, Stanford University, Woods Institute for the Environment, Center for Ocean Solutions, Palo Alto, CA, United States, Ashley Erickson, Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States and Rebecca G Martone, Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford, CA, United States
Dynamic ocean management, or management that uses near real-time data to guide the spatial distribution of commercial activities, is an emerging approach to balance ocean resource use and conservation. Employing a wide range of data types, dynamic ocean management in a fisheries context can be used to meet multiple objectives - managing target quota, bycatch reduction, and reducing interactions with species of conservation concern. There is a growing list of DOM applications currently in practice in fisheries around the world, yet the approach is new enough that both fishers and fisheries managers are unclear how DOM can be applied to their fishery. Here, we use the experience from dynamic ocean management applications that are currently in practice to address the commonly asked question “How can dynamic management approaches be implemented in a traditionally managed fishery?”. Combining knowledge from the DOM participants with a review of regulatory frameworks and incentive structures, stakeholder participation, and technological requirements of DOM in practice, we identify ingredients that have supported successful implementation of this new management approach.