Advances in fisheries science through emerging observing technologies

Hassan Moustahfid, NOAA/NOS/US Integrated Ocean Observing System, Silver Spring, United States, William Michaels, NOAA. Fisheries, US DOC, Silver Spring, MD, United States and Patrice Brehmer, French Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), Plouzané, France, Brest, France
Recent advances in ocean observing technologies have improved the spatial and temporal resolution of measurements, performed during conventional scientific surveys as collaborative approaches, to better understand the dynamics and organization of fish populations and their associated habitat in a rapidly changing environment. In recent years, more reliable and cost-efficient sensors, platforms, and processing technologies have been deployed successfully, which we envision in the coming decade will revolutionize the wide-scale observations pertinent to ocean ecology and biology. The aim of this work is to review the observational needs for fisheries and ecosystem models, related parameters, review new and emerging sensing technologies for selected major ecological and biological parameters relevant to fisheries science, and to identify transformative directions for future development of cost-effective technologies and deployment strategies.