PI12A:
Biological Coupling to Physical Forcing on Shallow-Water Ecosystems: Using Observations to Reveal Patterns and Test Mechanisms II

Session ID#: 92397

Session Description:
Marine ecological processes are forced by physical dynamics, yet understanding biological-physical coupling, particularly in nearshore and shallow coastal systems, presents large logistic and conceptual challenges. Ecosystem dynamics reflect multiple biological and physical processes spanning many scales of variability. Linked biological-physical processes influence population, community and ecosystem dynamics and can modulate the effects of large-scale disturbances on shallow-water ecosystems. For example, temperature variability can mitigate coral bleaching, surface waves elicit distinct larval behaviors, and water column stratification mediates cross-shore larval distributions, transport, and intertidal settlement. Identifying the pertinent ecological and hydrodynamic processes, and appraising their relative contribution, requires demanding field observations and time-series data collection. Ecologists increasingly use numerical simulation models to describe near-shore hydrodynamics and ecological dynamics. However, model development depends on including relevant physical processes and using empirical estimates of key biological rates and behaviors, often requiring field observations. Such observations and estimates are difficult to obtain, and frequently, numerical simulation models are untested. This session invites presentations on observational, experimental and time-series approaches that improve our understanding of fundamental biological-physical processes in shallow coastal systems from the surf zone to the shelf edge.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • CP - Coastal and Estuarine Processes
  • ME - Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller
Index Terms:

4217 Coastal processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4804 Benthic processes, benthos [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
4858 Population dynamics and ecology [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
Primary Chair:  Jesús Pineda, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Co-chairs:  Heidi L Fuchs, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States, Nathalie Reyns, University of San Diego, Environmental and Ocean Sciences, San Diego, CA, United States and James Leichter, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States
Primary Liaison:  Jesús Pineda, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Moderators:  Heidi L Fuchs, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States and James Leichter, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Heidi L Fuchs, Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Brunswick, NJ, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

The role of ocean currents in modulating coral bleaching susceptibility (643035)
Thomas M DeCarlo1, Hugo Harrison2, Joanne Ellis3, Laura Gajdzik1, Darren Coker4 and Michael Berumen1, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia, (3)Waikato University, Hamilton, New Zealand, (4)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
TIDAL FORCING OF NUTRIENT UPTAKE ON CORAL REEFS: FIELD AND MODELLING STUDY FROM A TIDE-DOMINATED SYSTEM (648689)
Renee Gruber, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia, Ryan Lowe, University of Western Australia, Ocean Graduate School, Crawley, WA, Australia and James Falter, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Crawley, WA, Australia
Biophysical coupling over coral reef ecosystems due to internal waves (650555)
Alex Wyatt, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Department of Ocean Science, Kowloon, Hong Kong, James Leichter, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States, Lauren T Toth, USGS Coastal and Marine Science Center St. Petersburg, St Petersburg, FL, United States, Toshihiro Miyajima, The University of Tokyo, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, Kashiwa, Japan, Richard B Aronson, Florida Institute of Technology, Department of Biological Sciences, Melbourne, FL, United States and Toshi Nagata, The University of Tokyo, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
The Effect of Temporal Scale in Evaluating Physical Forcing of Shallow Coral Reef Communities (636937)
Peter Edmunds, California State University Northridge, Department of Biology, Northridge, CA, United States
Kelp Forest Hydrodynamics around an Island (639909)
Margaret Daly1, Stephen G Monismith1, Clifton Brock Woodson2, Arnoldo Valle-Levinson3, Fiorenza Micheli1, Diego Sancho1 and Morgan Jones4, (1)Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States, (2)University of Georgia, Athens, United States, (3)University of Florida, Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering, Ft Walton Beach, FL, United States, (4)Trinity University, Engineering, San Antonio, TX, United States
Measuring hydrodynamics and sediment resuspension in seagrass meadows (657987)
Nery Neto1, Andrew William Mackay Pomeroy2, Matthew Abraham Reidenbach3, Marco Ghisalberti1 and Ryan Lowe4, (1)University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia, (2)University of Western Australia, The UWA Oceans Institute, Crawley, WA, Australia, (3)University of Virginia Main Campus, Charlottesville, VA, United States, (4)The University of Western Australia, Oceans Graduate School, School of Earth Sciences, and UWA Oceans Institute, Perth, WA, Australia
Offshore-centered Phytoplankton Bloom Formation, Probably Triggered by Subterranean, Freshwater Runoff in the Southern Gulf of Mexico. (647392)
José Ernesto Sampedro-Avila, CICESE, Oceanografía Biológica, Ensenada, EM, Mexico, J. Alejandro Kurczyn, Universidad Autonoma de Campeche, EPOMEX, San Francisco de Campeche, CP, Mexico, Esperanza Guadalupe Valdez-Silva, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Oceanografía Biológica, Ensenada, BJ, Mexico and Helmut Maske, CICESE, Oceanografía Biológica, Ensenada, BJ, Mexico
Formation of thin layers of phytoplankton in the upwelling region off NW Iberia: biological growth versus physical accumulation (650512)
Esperanza Broullón1, Enrique Crespo2, Paloma Chouciño2, Antonio Comesaña2, Bieito Fernández-Castro3, Emilio Fernández2, Antonio Fuentes-Lema2, Miguel Gilcoto4, Enrique Nogueira5, María Pérez2, Rosa Reboreda4, Beatriz Reguera5, Carlos Souto2, Esther Velasco5, Marina Villamaña2, Sandra Villar2 and Beatriz Mouriño2, (1)University of Vigo, Ourense, Spain, (2)University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain, (3)Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, (4)Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas-CSIC, Vigo, Spain, (5)Centro Oceanográfico de Vigo, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Vigo, Spain
An Enhanced Biological Plume on the Continental Slope of the West Florida Shelf (654305)
Sergio deRada, Bradley Penta and Stephanie C Anderson, Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States
Rainfall Pattern Drives Green Noctiluca scintillans Bloom in Tropical Estuary Mandovi-India (640172)
Lata Gawade, CSIR-National Institute of oceanography, Dona Paula Goa, / * Present adress: Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa, Biological Oceanography Division/ Microbiology, Dona Paula, India and Suraksha Pednekar, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula-Goa; * present adress: St. Xavier's College,Mapusa, * Botany, * Mapusa, India