PI42A:
Ecological Fluid Mechanics: Interactions Among Organisms and Their Fluid Environment II

Session ID#: 92448

Session Description:
The session will be dedicated to reports from studies of interactions among organisms and their fluid environment. The session addresses the role that fluid motion, flow gradients, and chemical stirring play in shaping organism behavior, interactions, recruitment, reproduction, and community structure. Relevant studies span topics of biomechanics, transport and settling, propulsion, and sensory ecology. Themes may include the influence of instantaneous flow patterns, the influence of extreme physical events, the influence of scale on the biological-physical coupling, and biological/ecological advantages mediated by flow and chemical transport. For instance, what can we learn from how organisms balance physical versus biological forcing? We invite studies addressing a broad range of taxonomic groups and flow regimes spanning creeping, laminar, unsteady, wavy, and turbulent flows.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • ME - Marine Ecology and Biodiversity
Index Terms:

4815 Ecosystems, structure, dynamics, and modeling [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
4817 Food webs, structure, and dynamics [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
4858 Population dynamics and ecology [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
4899 General or miscellaneous [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
Primary Chair:  Donald R Webster, Georgia Institute of Technology, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, GA, United States
Co-chairs:  Brad Gemmell, University of South Florida, Department of Integrative Biology, Tampa, FL, United States and Arvind Santhanakrishnan, Oklahoma State University, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Stillwater, OK, United States
Primary Liaison:  Donald R Webster, Georgia Institute of Technology, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, GA, United States
Moderators:  Donald R Webster, Georgia Institute of Technology, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, GA, United States and Arvind Santhanakrishnan, Oklahoma State University, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Stillwater, OK, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Brad Gemmell, University of South Florida, Department of Integrative Biology, Tampa, FL, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Appendage spacing and stroke kinematics in metachronal swimming of crustaceans (652624)
Mitchell Ford, Tyler W Blackshare and Arvind Santhanakrishnan, Oklahoma State University, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Stillwater, OK, United States
Hydrodynamics of Swimming and Maneuvering with Multiple Jets by a Colonial Siphonophore (648485)
Kelly Sutherland, University of Oregon, Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, Eugene, OR, United States, Brad Gemmell, University of South Florida, Department of Integrative Biology, Tampa, FL, United States, Sean Colin, Roger Williams University, Marine Biology and Environmental Science, Bristol, RI, United States and Jack Costello, Providence College, Biology, Providence, RI, United States
A Proposed Fluid Mechanical Basis for Anterior Propulsor Placement (543350)
Megan Leftwich, The George Washington University, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Washington, DC, United States, Emma Lederer, Tufts University, United States, John Dabiri, Caltech, Graduate Aerospace Laboratories and Mechanical Engineering, Pasadena, CA, United States, Brad Gemmell, University of South Florida, Department of Integrative Biology, Tampa, FL, United States, Sean Colin, Roger Williams University, Marine Biology and Environmental Science, Bristol, RI, United States and Jack Costello, Providence College, Biology, Providence, RI, United States
Primitive and modern swimmers solve the challenges of turning similarly to achieve high maneuverability (653537)
Jack Costello, Providence College, Biology, Providence, RI, United States, John Dabiri, Caltech, Graduate Aerospace Laboratories and Mechanical Engineering, Pasadena, CA, United States, Sean Colin, Roger Williams University, Marine Biology and Environmental Science, Bristol, RI, United States, Brad Gemmell, University of South Florida, Department of Integrative Biology, Tampa, FL, United States, Kelsey Lucas, Harvard University, Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Cambridge, MA, United States and Megan Leftwich, The George Washington University
Turbulent flow and monami in aquatic canopy with various plant flexibility (507508)
Sida He, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States; St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, Minneapolis, MN, United States and Lian Shen, University of Minnesota, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Minneapolis, MN, United States; University of Minnesota, St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, Minneapolis, MN, United States
Water flow mediates microscale hypoxia within mussel aggregations (654387)
Emily Carrington1, Wasfia Hoque2 and Clare Ogle2, (1)University of Washington, Department of Biology and Friday Harbor Laboratories, Seattle, WA, United States, (2)University of Washington, United States
Wave-dominated flow interactions with coral topography and its impact on larval settlement (651325)
Matthew Abraham Reidenbach, University of Virginia, Environmental Sciences, Charlottesville, VA, United States, Jonathan Stocking, University of Virginia, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Charlottesville, VA, United States, Laura Danielle Szczyrba, Virginia Tech, Geosciences, Blacksburg, VA, United States and Craig Wendelken, University of Virginia, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Charlottezville, United States
Hydrodynamic and Kinematic Coordination in Aquatic Jumping (640901)
Alexandra Techet, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States and Leah Mendelson, Harvey Mudd College, Engineering Department, Claremont, CA, United States