AI43A:
Wave Breaking in Ocean-Atmosphere Exchanges I

Session ID#: 93463

Session Description:
Waves and wave breaking at the surface of the ocean strongly modulate fluxes between the ocean and atmosphere, entraining bubbles, ejecting spray, and exchanging momentum with the turbulent atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers. Entrained bubbles strongly impact gas transfer, while sea spray can be transported into the atmosphere, where it affects the heat, moisture and momentum fluxes, influencing physical and biological processes. Waves and wave breaking also participate in horizontal mass transport, affecting sea ice, currents, upper ocean processes such as Langmuir turbulence as well as the drift of pollutant and plastic. These processes cover a wide range of scales, from micrometric drops and bubbles to large scale wave swell. The development of coupled wave-ocean models requires the development of physics based parameterization that explicitly consider the role of wave variability. This session aims to consolidate our understanding of the role of waves and wave breaking in modulating fluxes at the ocean-atmosphere interface. We welcome contributions on processes that control the mass and momentum exchanges from a variety of approaches, including field work, laboratory experiments and numerical simulations. Presentations on how the understanding of such small-scale processes can be used by remote sensing techniques or represented in parameterizations (to be used in larger scale ocean modeling) is highly encouraged.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • OM - Ocean Modeling
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller
Index Terms:

4273 Physical and biogeochemical interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4504 Air/sea interactions [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4560 Surface waves and tides [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
4568 Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes [OCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL]
Primary Chair:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
Co-chairs:  Nicholas Pizzo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, Ana Beatriz Villas Boas, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States and Fabrice Veron, University of Delaware, School of Marine Science and Policy, Newark, DE, United States
Primary Liaison:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
Moderators:  Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States and Ana Beatriz Villas Boas, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Nicholas Pizzo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Short wave modulation, wave breaking and shapes of wave spectra (647619)
Fabrice Ardhuin, University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, United States, Charles Peureux, IFREMER, Laboratoire d'Oceanographie Physique et Spatiale (LOPS), UMR6523 CNRS/IFREMER/IRD/UBO, Brest, France and Pedro V. Guimaraes, SHOM, Brest, France
An Experimental Study of Droplet Generation by Plunging Breaking Water Waves (648408)
Martin Erinin, Sophie D. Wang, Xinan Liu and James H Duncan, University of Maryland College Park, Mechanical Engineering, College Park, MD, United States
Directly Simulated Wave-Current Mutual Interaction: Surface Wave Modulation Intensifies Langmuir Circulations (636527)
Yasushi Fujiwara, Kyoto University, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto, Japan and Yutaka Yoshikawa, Kyoto University Rigakubu, Kyoto, Japan
Contribution of Sea-State Dependent Bubbles to Air-Sea Carbon Dioxide Fluxes (647725)
Brandon G Reichl, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, United States and Luc Deike, Princeton University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton, NJ, United States
Intermittent Wave Breaking-induced Turbulence: a Synergy between High-fidelity Numerical Modeling and Field Observations (647643)
Morteza Derakhti, Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, James M Thomson, Applied Physics Lab (UW), Seattle, WA, United States and James T Kirby Jr, University of Delaware, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Newark, DE, United States
Experimental Investigation of Droplet Trajectories and Airflow Above Breaking Waves (639654)
Reyna Ramirez, Petter Vollestad and Atle Jensen, University of Oslo, Mathematics, Oslo, Norway
Wind Wave Generation : Turbulent Windprint below the Wave Onset and its Link with O. M. Phillips 1957 Theory (651025)
Stéphane Perrard1, Clotilde Nové-Josserand2, Adrian Lozano-Duran3, Marc Rabaud4, Michael Benzaquen5 and Frédéric Moisy4, (1)Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris, Physics Department, LPENS, Paris, France, (2)Université Paris-Saclay, Laboratoire FAST, Orsay, France, (3)Stanford University, Stanford, United States, (4)University Paris Saclay, Laboratoire FAST, France, (5)Ecole Polytechnique, LadHyX, Palaiseau Cedex, France
Distribution of Surface Wave Breaking Fronts (644079)
Leonel Romero, University of California Santa Barbara, Earth Research Institute, Santa Barbara, CA, United States