New Seismic Hazard Maps of the Caucasus region

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Tea Godoladze1, Zurab Javakhishvili1, Mikheil Elashvili2, Nato Jorjiashvili2 and Giorgi Sokhadze3, (1)Ilia State Univeristy, Tbilisi, Georgia, (2)Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, (3)Ilia State University, Geodesy, Tbilisi, Georgia
The methodologies for long term probabilistic prognoses in terms of seismic hazard assessment are well developed. Modern seismic hazard assessment is one of the major concepts for sustainable development of the Caucasus region in general. Safety of the civilian population in the region as well as safe implementation of large economic projects must be protected. Prosperity in the Caucasus region, and its successful development, unconditionally depends on international projects aiming to integrate the region into leading economical structure. Earthquake hazard analysis is especially important for economically undeveloped countries, since the recovery period after strong earthquakes is very long.

The main objective of our study was to improve the database for hazard calculations and develop modern and new common hazard maps for the region. The primary tasks to obtain our objective were defined as follows:

1. Improvement of the shared regional database, with quality control, to include seismological, geological, geophysical, geodetic, geotechnical and other information, as well as data on critical infrastructure.

2. Seismic hazard assessment based upon the newly improved database and using new methodologies and CRISIS software.

3. Tectonic studies of the region. The improved database facilitated tectonic studies, including the development of physical/mathematical models for regional seismotectonic processes. These models were incorporated active tectonic structures throughout the area, including transborder regions.

The National Building codes of Georgia are based on the seismic hazard map developed in 1999. Presented study participants were the key researchers in compiling the 1999 hazard map. Map has been slightly updated in 2006 and adopted in 2009. Based on the world experience national seismic hazard map should be updated periodically (approximately once in every 5 years.). We believe that the results of this study, namely the new probabilistic seismic hazard maps, which were compiled using modern approaches and the updated data, is very important for the development of the country and its growing construction industry.