Present-day Circum-Antarctic Simulations using the POPSICLES Coupled Ice Sheet-Ocean Model

Wednesday, 17 December 2014: 5:30 PM
Xylar Asay-Davis1, Daniel F Martin2, Stephen F Price3, Mathew E Maltrud3 and William Collins2, (1)Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, (2)Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States, (3)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States
We present POPSICLES simulation results covering the full Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Southern Ocean spanning the period 1990 to 2010. Simulations are performed at 0.1o (~5 km) ocean resolution and with adaptive ice-sheet model resolution as fine as 500 m. We compare time-averaged melt rates below a number of major ice shelves with those reported by Rignot et al. (2013) as well as other recent studies. We also present seasonal variability and decadal trends in submarine melting from several Antarctic regions. Finally, we explore the influence on basal melting and system dynamics resulting from two different choices of climate forcing: a “normal-year” climatology and the CORE v. 2 forcing data (Large and Yeager 2008).

POPSICLES couples the POP2x ocean model, a modified version of the Parallel Ocean Program (Smith and Gent, 2002), and the BISICLES ice-sheet model (Cornford et al., 2012). POP2x includes sub-ice-shelf circulation using partial top cells (Losch, 2008) and boundary layer physics following Holland and Jenkins (1999), Jenkins (2001), and Jenkins et al. (2010). Standalone POP2x output compares well with standard ice-ocean test cases (e.g., ISOMIP; Losch, 2008) and other continental-scale simulations and melt-rate observations (Kimura et al., 2013; Rignot et al., 2013). BISICLES makes use of adaptive mesh refinement and a 1st-order accurate momentum balance similar to the L1L2 model of Schoof and Hindmarsh (2009) to accurately model regions of dynamic complexity, such as ice streams, outlet glaciers, and grounding lines. Results of BISICLES simulations have compared favorably to comparable simulations with a Stokes momentum balance in both idealized tests (MISMIP-3D; Pattyn et al., 2013) and realistic configurations (Favier et al. 2014).

A companion presentation, “Response of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to ocean forcing using the POPSICLES coupled ice sheet-ocean model” in session C024 covers the ice-sheet response to these melt rates in the coupled simulation.

The figure shows eddy activity in the vertically integrated (barotropic) velocity nearly six years into a POPSICLES simulation of the Antarctic region.