Scaling Properties of Turbulent Mixing for Scalars Measured at Arctic Terrestrial Sites
Thursday, 18 December 2014: 9:30 AM
Measurements of atmospheric turbulence made at two different sites located near the coast of the Arctic Ocean at Eureka (Canadian territory of Nunavut) and Tiksi (East Siberia) are used to study turbulent fluxes, scaling laws for turbulent mixing, dissipation rates, and structure parameters of various scalars (temperature, water vapour, and carbon dioxide). Turbulent fluxes along with other turbulent statistics and mean meteorological data were measured continuously throughout the year and reported hourly at various levels on 10-m (Eureka) and 20-m (Tiksi) flux towers. According to our data, strong upward sensible and latent heat fluxes are observed throughout the summer months indicating unstable stratification on average. During the Polar winter and cold seasons when the air temperature falls below freezing, the near-surface environment is generally stably stratified (downward sensible but upward latent heat fluxes). It is found that observed temporal variability of the carbon dioxide vertical flux for both sites was generally in phase with Monin-Obukhov stability parameter, z/L (L is the Obukhov length scale). On average the turbulent flux of carbon dioxide was mostly negative (uptake by the surface) for z/L < 0 and vice versa. Our study also analyses the similarity between the turbulent mixing of sensible heat, water vapour, and carbon dioxide with a specific focus on the difference between the similarity functions for the dissipation rates. The work is supported by the NOAA Climate Program Office, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) with award ARC 11-07428, and by the U.S. Civilian Research & Development Foundation (CRDF) with award RUG1-2976-ST-10.