Scattering of In-Plane Waves by Elastic Wedges
Wednesday, 17 December 2014
The scattering of seismic waves by elastic wedges has been a topic of interest in seismology and geophysics for many decades. Analytical, semi-analytical, experimental and numerical studies on idealized wedges have provided insight into the seismic behavior of continental margins, mountain roots and crustal discontinuities. Published results, however, have almost exclusively focused on incident Rayleigh waves and out-of-plane body (SH) waves. Complementing the existing body of work, we here present results from our study on the response of elastic wedges to incident P or SV waves, an idealized problem that can provide valuable insight to the understanding and parameterization of topographic amplification of seismic ground motion. We first show our earlier work on explicit finite difference simulations of SV-wave scattering by elastic wedges over a wide range of internal angles. We next present a semi-analytical solution that we developed using the approach proposed by Gautesen, to describe the scattered wavefield in the immediate vicinity of the wedge’s tip (near-field). We use the semi-analytical solution to validate the numerical analyses, and improve resolution of the amplification factor at the wedge vertex that spikes when the internal wedge angle approaches the critical angle of incidence.