Scattering of In-Plane Waves by Elastic Wedges

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Kami Mohammadi, Georgia Institute of Technology Main Campus, Atlanta, GA, United States, Domniki Asimaki, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States and Larissa Fradkin, London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom; Sound Mathematics Ltd., Cambridge, United Kingdom
The scattering of seismic waves by elastic wedges has been a topic of interest in seismology and geophysics for many decades. Analytical, semi-analytical, experimental and numerical studies on idealized wedges have provided insight into the seismic behavior of continental margins, mountain roots and crustal discontinuities. Published results, however, have almost exclusively focused on incident Rayleigh waves and out-of-plane body (SH) waves. Complementing the existing body of work, we here present results from our study on the res­ponse of elastic wedges to incident P or SV waves, an idealized pro­blem that can provide valuable insight to the understanding and parameterization of topographic ampli­fication of seismic ground mo­tion. We first show our earlier work on explicit finite difference simulations of SV-wave scattering by elastic wedges over a wide range of internal angles. We next present a semi-analytical solution that we developed using the approach proposed by Gautesen, to describe the scattered wavefield in the immediate vicinity of the wedge’s tip (near-field). We use the semi-analytical solution to validate the numerical analyses, and improve resolution of the amplification factor at the wedge vertex that spikes when the internal wedge angle approaches the critical angle of incidence.