Using Carbonyl Sulfide Column Measurements and a Chemical Transport Model to Investigate Variability in Biospheric CO2 Fluxes

Monday, 15 December 2014
Yuting Wang1, Mathias Palm1, Nicholas M Deutscher1, Thorsten Warneke1, Justus Notholt1, Ian T Baker2, Joseph A Berry3, Parvadha Suntharalingam4, J Elliott Campbell5 and Adam Wolf6, (1)University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics, Bremen, Germany, (2)Colorado State University, Atmospheric Sciences, Fort Collins, CO, United States, (3)Carnegie Inst Washington, Washington, DC, United States, (4)University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom, (5)University of California Merced, Merced, CA, United States, (6)Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, United States
Understanding the CO2 processes on land is of great importance, because the terrestrial exchange drives the seasonal and interannual variability of CO2 in the atmosphere. Atmospheric inversions based on CO2 concentration measurements alone can only determine net biosphere fluxes, but not differentiate between photosynthesis (uptake) and respiration (production). Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) could provide an important additional constraint: it is also taken up by plants during photosynthesis but not emitted during respiration, and therefore is a potential means to differentiate between these processes. Solar absorption Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectrometry allows for the retrieval of the atmospheric concentrations of both CO2 and OCS. Here, we investigate co-located and nearly simultaneous measurements of OCS and CO2 measured at 3 sites via FTIR spectrometers. These northern-hemispheric sites span a wide range of latitudes and all have multiple year time-series. The sites include Ny-Alesund (79°N), Bremen (53°N) and Paramaribo (6°N). We compare these measurements to simulations of OCS and CO2 using the GEOS-Chem model. The simulations are driven by different land biospheric fluxes of OCS and CO2 to match the seasonality of the measurements. The simple biosphere model (SiB-COS) are used in the study because it simultaneously calculates the biospheric fluxes of both OCS and CO2. The CO2 simulation with SiB fluxes agrees with the measurements better than a simulation using CASA. Comparison of the OCS simulations with different fluxes indicates that the latitudinal distribution of the OCS fluxes within SiB needs to be adjusted.