Styles of Deformation on Either Side of a Ridge-Transform Intersection, Troodos Ophiolite, Cyprus
Abstract:The Troodos ophiolite in Cyprus includes two orthogonal structures – the NS-striking Solea graben and the EW-striking Arakapas fault – that form a ridge-transform intersection. Sheeted dikes and gabbros are preserved on both the inside and outside corners providing a view of mid-crustal deformation in the system. We examine and model these patterns of deformation using existing map and paleomagnetic data combined with new rock magnetic data.
The inside corner of the system has been well studied. The most notable feature is the changing orientation of sheeted dikes, which shift from NW- to NE- to E-striking with increasing proximity to the Arakapas fault. Paleomagnetic data from many studies, including our own, show declination anomalies that vary with distance from the ridge and the transform. The three principal axes from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) ellipsoids in the gabbros seem to be correlated with local sheeted dike orientations.
The outside corner of the system has been less well studied. Sheeted dike orientations change more subtly; many are NS-striking and dip towards the Solea Graben, but near the inferred ridge-transform intersection, they are NNE-striking. Our new paleomagnetic data from 26 sites record declination and inclination anomalies that vary spatially within the outside corner. AMS data from the gabbros and sheeted dikes again seem loosely linked to sheeted dike orientations.
To summarize, the structural and rock magnetic results on either side of the Solea Graben are distinct, confirming the idea that these rocks formed on different sides of a ridge-transform system. The paleomagnetic data yield insights about the styles of deformation following crystallization. The AMS data may yield insights about magmatic plumbing systems when combined systematically with paleomagnetic results. Our results from the outside corner show that patterns of deformation can be complex even on the non-plate boundary side of a ridge-transform system.