PC009:
The Ocean as a Mediator of Climate and Climate Change


Session ID#: 28178

Session Description:
The ocean plays a key role in shaping Earth’s climate on timescales spanning seasons to millennia. As the largest reservoir of heat and carbon in the climate system, the ocean is critical for seasonal to decadal climate prediction, projecting climate change over the coming centuries, and making sense of the paleoclimate record. The evolution of climate over the next decade depends sensitively on the state of the ocean today and its coupling to the atmosphere. Earth’s response to greenhouse gas forcing over the 21st century hinges on how heat and carbon are taken up and stored by the ocean. And the climate of the Last Glacial Maximum is thought to have been associated with an ocean circulation that is substantially different from today’s. Understanding and accurately predicting climate at all timescales requires realistic representations of how the ocean exchanges energy, momentum, freshwater, and carbon with the other components of the climate system. This session aims to explore large-scale ocean interactions with the atmosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere in both observations and models of varying complexity. We welcome contributions from studies that examine how the ocean mediates the mean climate, climate variability, and climate change in the past, present, and future.
Primary Chair:  Elizabeth Maroon, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States
Co-chairs:  Emily Rose Newsom, California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States and Kyle Armour, University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States
Index Terms:

1616 Climate variability [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1620 Climate dynamics [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1627 Coupled models of the climate system [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1635 Oceans [GLOBAL CHANGE]
Cross-Topics:
  • AI - Air-Sea Interactions
  • HE - High Latitude Environments
  • OM - Ocean Modeling
  • PL - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Larger

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Fukai Liu1, Jian Lu2, Oluwayemi Anne Garuba2, Yiyong Luo1, Leung Ruby2 and Xiuquan Wan1, (1)Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China, (2)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States
Brian Green, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States and John Marshall, MIT, Cambridge, MA, United States
Damien Brent Irving, CSIRO, Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Australia, Susan Anne Wijffels, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, John A Church, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia and Nathaniel L. Bindoff, University of Tasmania, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Hobart, Australia
Gokhan Danabasoglu1, Frederic S Castruccio1, Yohan Ruprich-Robert2, Stephen G Yeager1, Rym Msadek3 and Thomas L Delworth2, (1)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)GFDL/NOAA, Princeton, NJ, United States, (3)CNRS/CERFACS, Toulouse, France
Jian Lu, Joint Global Change Research Institute, College Park, MD, United States, Oluwayemi Anne Garuba, George Mason University Fairfax, Fairfax, VA, United States, Fukai Liu, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China and Hansi Alice Singh, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change, Richland, WA, United States
Balasubramanya T Nadiga and Nathan M Urban, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States
Madison Shankle, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States and Caroline Ummenhofer, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Laifang Li and M. Susan Lozier, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
Xing Lu1, Rana A Fine1 and Tangdong Qu2, (1)University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States, (2)University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Sarah M. Larson1, Daniel Vimont1, Amy C Clement2 and Ben P Kirtman3, (1)University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, United States, (2)University of Miami, RSMAS, Miami, FL, United States, (3)University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States
Yiyong Luo1, Fukai Liu1 and Jian Lu2, (1)Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China, (2)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States
Matthew Menary and Leon Hermanson, Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom
Robin T Tokmakian, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, United States and Peter Graham Challenor, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4, United Kingdom
Shusaku Sugimoto1, Kimio Hanawa1, Tomowo Watanabe2, Toshio Suga1 and Shang-Ping Xie3, (1)Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, (2)Fisheries Agency, Japan, (3)Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States
Patrick Martineau1, Bunmei Taguchi2, Yu Kosaka3, Masato Mori3 and Hisashi Nakamura3, (1)Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, United States, (2)Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, (3)Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Andrew F Thompson, Sophia Hines and Jess F Adkins, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States
Maria Pyrina, Sebastian Wagner and Eduardo Zorita, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
Richard Andrew Wood and Matthew Menary, Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom
Stephen G Yeager, Nan A Rosenbloom, Gary Strand, Keith T Lindsay and Gokhan Danabasoglu, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States
Elizabeth Maroon1, Jennifer E Kay2 and Kristopher B Karnauskas1, (1)Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)University of Colorado Boulder, Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences and CIRES, Boulder, CO, United States
Hansi Alice Singh, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change, Richland, WA, United States, Oluwayemi Anne Garuba, George Mason University Fairfax, Fairfax, VA, United States, Phil Rasch, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, WA, United States and Brian E J Rose, SUNY at Albany, Albany, NY, United States
John P Krasting1, Ronald J Stouffer2, Stephen Matthew Griffies1, Robert Hallberg1, Sergey Malyshev3, Bonita L Hunter Samuels1 and Lori Thompson Sentman1, (1)NOAA / Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ, United States, (2)University of Arizona, Department of Geosciences, Tuscon, AZ, United States, (3)Princeton University, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton, NJ, United States
Robert Christopher Wills1, Kyle Armour2, David S Battisti3 and Dennis L Hartmann1, (1)University of Washington, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Seattle, WA, United States, (2)University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States, (3)University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
Who M Kim, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, Stephen G Yeager, NCAR, Oceanography, Boulder, CO, United States and Gokhan Danabasoglu, NCAR, Boulder, CO, United States
Leticia Lazzari1, Renato Carreira1, Carlos Massone1, Jose Marcus Godoy1, Edward A Boyle2, Timothy I Eglinton3 and Angela L Wagener1, (1)PUC Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, (2)Center of Environmental Sensing and Modeling (CENSAM), Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (3)ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Geological Institute, Zurich, Switzerland
Laure Zanna, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Samar Khatiwala, Lamont-Doherty Earth Obs., Palisades, NY, United States, Jonathan Ison, University of Oxford, United Kingdom and Jonathan M Gregory, Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom
Laure Zanna, University of Oxford, Department of Physics, Oxford, United Kingdom and Christopher O'Reilly, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Kyle Armour1, Cristian Proistosescu1, Gerard Roe2 and Peter J Huybers3, (1)University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States, (2)University of Washington Seattle Campus, Seattle, WA, United States, (3)Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States
Cristian Proistosescu, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and the Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States, Aaron Donohoe, Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, Kyle Armour, University of Washington, Seattle, Seattle, WA, United States, Gerard Roe, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Seattle, WA, United States, Malte F Stuecker, University of Hawai''i at Mano, Honolulu, HI, United States and Cecilia M Bitz, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
Giovanni Liguori and Emanuele Di Lorenzo, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Atlanta, GA, United States
Jan David Zika, University of New South Wales, Mathematics and Statistics, Sydney, Australia, Nikolaos Skliris, University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton, SO14, United Kingdom, Adam Blaker, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom, Robert Marsh, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, United Kingdom, A. J. George Nurser, National Oceanography Center, Liverpool, United Kingdom; National Oceanography Center, Soton, Marine Systems Modelling, Southampton, United Kingdom and Simon A Josey, National Oceanography Center, Southampton, United Kingdom
Sarah M Kang and Yechul Shin, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan, Korea, Republic of (South)