RS005:
The Red Sea: A Laboratory for Ocean Processes in a Changing World


Session ID#: 28428

Session Description:
The Red Sea, a semi-enclosed basin, is among the saltiest and warmest seas on the planet. Its latitudinal range spans 20 degrees and depths are in excess of 2800 meters. Due to the shallow sill at its opening to the Indian Ocean, the deep waters are unusually warm (~21°C at 2.8 km depth) and vertical stratification in the water column is remarkably weak. Significant latitudinal gradients of temperature, salinity, and nutrients and coastal-open sea gradients from coastal mangroves, seagrasses, and coral reefs to open sea, oligotrophic environments exist within the basin. These unique characteristics and its size make it an opportune laboratory for studying a range of processes extending from coastal habitats, ocean biology and biogeochemistry, physical dynamics across a spectrum of scales, and climate impacts.

 

A recent surge in Red Sea research has greatly expanded our knowledge and understanding of this environment.  This session invites researchers across a range of disciplines to discuss our expanding understanding of Red Sea processes and their significance to understanding globally important processes including air-sea interaction, mesoscale, submesoscale and small scale processes, coastal-open sea exchanges, biological/physical coupling, biogeochemical processes, coastal habitat response to extreme conditions, and the global context and implications of these processes.

Primary Chair:  Burton H Jones, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Biological and Environmental Sciences & Engineering Division, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Co-chairs:  Stephen G Monismith, Stanford University, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford, CA, United States, Amatzia Genin, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Inter-university Institute for Marine Sciences, Eilat, Israel and Riyad S Manasrah, University of Jordan, Marine Sciences, Aqaba, Jordan
Index Terms:
Cross-Topics:
  • B - Biodiversity
  • BN - Biogeochemistry and Nutrients
  • CD - Coastal Dynamics
  • PS - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Smaller

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Roslinda Mohamed, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Singapore, Singapore
Aislinn Dunne, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, Burton H Jones, KAUST- King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia and Dale Adolph Kiefer, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Sebastian Overmans, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and Susana Agustí, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal-Jeddah 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Daffne Lopez Sandoval, Paloma Carrillo-de-Albornoz, Katherine A Rowe, Carlos M Duarte and Susana Agustí, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal-Jeddah 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Tamara Megan Huete-Stauffer, Najwa Al-Otaibi, Mohd Ikram Ansari, Maria Lluch Calleja, Susana Carvalho, Snjezana Ivetic, Benjamin Kurten, Eman Sabbagh, Luis Silva, Burton H Jones and Xose Anxelu Moran, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Jamin Rader, University of Washington Seattle Campus, Atmospheric Sciences, Seattle, WA, United States; SOARS, Boulder, CO, United States and Kristopher B Karnauskas, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States
James G Acker1,2, Elliott Sherman1,2, Andrey Savtchenko1,2, David J Meyer3 and Giovanni Development Team, (1)NASA GSFC GES DISC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)ADNET Systems Inc. Greenbelt, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
Shahar Levenson, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel and John K Hall, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel
Shubha Sathyendranath1, Marie Racault2, Dionysios E Raitsos3, John Anthony Gittings Sr4, Robert J W Brewin5, Trevor Platt1 and Ibrahim Hoteit4, (1)Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (2)Plymouth Marine laboratory, England, United Kingdom, (3)Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), Plymouth, United Kingdom, (4)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (5)National Centre for Earth Observation, United Kingdom
Benjamin Kurten1, Michael Morando2, Troy Gunderson2, Ulrich Struck3, Burton H Jones4 and Douglas G Capone2, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Biological and Environmental Sciences & Engineering Division, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States, (3)Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Museum of Natural History, Berlin, Germany, (4)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Mustapha Ouhssain1, Malika Kheireddine2 and Burton H Jones2, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)KAUST- King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Kimberlee Anne Baldry, WA, Australia and Carlos M Duarte, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal-Jeddah 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Luis Silva1, Maria Lluch Calleja1, Snjezana Ivetic1, Mohd Ikram Ansari1, Miguel Viegas2 and Xose Anxelu Moran2, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Etai Landou1, Angela M Kuhn2, Katja Fennel2, Boaz Lazar3 and Ilana Berman-Frank1, (1)Bar Ilan University, Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Ramat Gan, Israel, (2)Dalhousie University, Department of Oceanography, Halifax, NS, Canada, (3)Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Earth Sciences Institute, Jerusalem, Israel
Viviane V Menezes, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, J. Thomas Farrar, WHOI, Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole, MA, United States and Amy S Bower, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Sarantis S Sofianos1, Vassilis P Papadopoulos2, Yasser Abualnaja3, Dimitra Giouroukou1, Georgios Krokos3 and Ibrahim Hoteit3, (1)University of Athens, Athens, Greece, (2)Hellenic Centre for Marine Res, Anavissos, Greece, (3)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Lohitzune Solabarrieta, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Robin A. Aspey, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia and Burton H Jones, KAUST- King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Fengchao Yao, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Yael Edelman-Furstenberg, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, Susan M Kidwell, Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States, Ehud Gilad, Geological Survey of Israel; Tel Aviv University, Israel and Yehuda Benayahu, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Amatzia Genin1, Margarita Zarubin2 and Yoav Lindemann2, (1)The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Inter-university Institute for Marine Sciences, Eilat, Israel, (2)The Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Georgios Krokos1, Vassilis P Papadopoulos2, Sarantis S Sofianos3 and Ibrahim Hoteit1, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)Hellenic Centre for Marine Res, Anavissos, Greece, (3)National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Yixin Wang1, Dionysios E Raitsos2, Peng Zhan3, Robert J W Brewin4 and Ibrahim Hoteit3, (1)Marine Sciences and Engineering Program, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, (2)National Centre for Earth Observation, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (3)Earth Sciences and Engineering Program, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, (4)National Centre for Earth Observation, United Kingdom
Nikolaos Zarokanellos, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia and Burton H Jones, KAUST- King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Hari Prasad Dasari1, Peng Zhan2, Georgios Krokos1, Habib Toye Mahamadou Kele3, Sabique Langodan1, Yesubabu Viswanadhapalli1, Daquan Guo1, Samuel Kortas4, Fengchao Yao5 and Hoteit Ibrahim1, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)Earth Sciences and Engineering Program, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, (3)KAUST, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (4)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (5)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Khaled MohammedJamil Asfahani, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Zvi Steiner, University of Cambridge, Earth Sciences, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Alexandra v Turchyn, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Eyal Harpaz, ZIM Integrated Shipping Ltd, Israel and Jack Silverman, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel
Michael Fredrick Campbell Jr, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Burton H Jones1, Nikolaos Zarokanellos2, Khaled MohammedJamil Asfahani3, Malika Kheireddine4, Lohitzune Solabarrieta5, Hari Prasad Dasari6 and Ibrahim Hoteit6, (1)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Biological and Environmental Sciences & Engineering Division, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, (3)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (4)KAUST- King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (5)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Center, Thuwal, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, (6)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

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