HE007:
Melting of glaciers, icebergs, ice shelves, and coastal permafrost and impacts on physical properties and biogeochemistry of the ocean


Session ID#: 29774

Session Description:
Rapid changes at both poles have increased the importance of physical and chemical interactions that occur between the ocean and ice shelves, glaciers and icebergs. Exchanges of heat and freshwater exert feedbacks on terrestrial ice loss, and marine ice concentration. Glacial meltwater can alter ocean stratification, circulation, and biological productivity. The chemical load transported via subglacial and englacial waters can be a major vector for the supply of iron and other limiting nutrients to the marine ecosystem. Temperature and sea level rise increase the erosion of coastal and shallow subsea permafrost leading to oceanic delivery of terrestrial organic compounds and other permafrost-trapped chemical species. The effects of these melt processes on ecosystem biomass and community structure/activity are poorly known, as is the spatial extent of these impacts. We also know very little about how seasonal, episodic and anticipated future losses will manifest in ocean circulation and coastal ecosystems.

Building on recent contributions to our understanding of relevant processes, this session seeks to bring together multi-disciplinary researchers engaged in observing and modeling these ice-ocean interactions in polar regions, including those around Greenland and Antarctica, and their impact on ocean physics, chemistry and biology.
Primary Chair:  Fiammetta Straneo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States
Co-chairs:  Virginia P Edgcomb, Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst, Geology and Geophysics Department, Woods Hole, MA, United States, Brice Loose, URI GSO, Graduate School of Oceanography, Narragansett, RI, United States and Claudia Cenedese, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Physical Oceanography Department, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Index Terms:
Cross-Topics:
  • BN - Biogeochemistry and Nutrients
  • CD - Coastal Dynamics
  • MM - Microbiology and Molecular Ecology
  • PL - Physical Oceanography: Mesoscale and Larger

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Monika Rhein1, Oliver Huhn2 and Jürgen Sültenfuß2, (1)MARUM, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (2)University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics, Bremen, Germany
Sergei Kirillov1, Igor A Dmitrenko1, Søren Rysgaard1, David Babb1, Jens K Ehn1, Jorgen Bendtsen2, Wieter Boone1, David G Barber1 and Nicolas-Xavier Geilfus1, (1)University of Manitoba, Centre for Earth Observation Science, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, (2)ClimateLab, Marshall, VA, United States
Oliver Huhn1,2, Tore Hattermann1, Jürgen Sültenfuß2, Monika Rhein2, Hartmut H Hellmer1, Michael Schröder1, Keith W Nicholls3 and Erich Dunker1, (1)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany, (2)University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics, Bremen, Germany, (3)British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Ho Kyung Ha1, Hyoung Sul La2, Keyhong Park3, Anna Wahlin4, Kevin R Arrigo5, Dongseon Kim6, Eun Jin Yang3, Angus Atkinson7, Sophie Fielding8, Jungho Im9, Tae-Wan Kim3, Hyeong Chul Shin10 and Sang Hoon Lee2, (1)Inha University, Department of Ocean Sciences,, Incheon, Korea, Republic of (South), (2)Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, South Korea, (3)KOPRI Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Korea, Republic of (South), (4)University of Gothenburg, Department of Earth Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden, (5)Stanford University, Earth System Science, Stanford, CA, United States, (6)KIOST Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Ansan, Korea, Republic of (South), (7)Plymouth Marine Lab, Plymouth, United Kingdom, (8)British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom, (9)UNIST, South Korea, (10)KOPRI, South Korea
Daniel F Carlson, Florida State University, Dept. of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Tallahassee, FL, United States, Wieter Boone, University of Manitoba, Centre for Earth Observation Science, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, Lorenz Meire, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Nuuk, Greenland and Soren Rysgaard, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark
Peter Washam, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States, Andreas Muenchow, Univ Delaware, Newark, DE, United States and Keith W Nicholls, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom
B. Jack Pan and Maria Vernet, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Integrative Oceanography Division, La Jolla, CA, United States
Shanlin Wang, Nicole Jeffery, Darin Comeau and Wilbert Weijer, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States
Nicole Trenholm, Ocean Research Project, Annapolis, MD, United States, Clark Richards, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, NS, Canada and Ian G Fenty, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Juliana Marson, Paul Glen Myers and Xianmin Hu, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Maria Vernet, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Integrative Oceanography Division, La Jolla, CA, United States, John J Helly, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States, Ronald Kaufmann, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States and Mattias Rolf Cape, Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
Steffen Malskær Olsen, Danish Meteorological Institute, København Ø, Denmark and Jeremy Wilkinson, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Donald Alexander Slater1, Fiammetta Straneo1 and Sarah B Das2, (1)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Kiefer Forsch1, Lauren Manck1, Lindsey Ekern2, B. Jack Pan2, Maria Vernet2 and Katherine Barbeau1, (1)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Geosciences Research Division, La Jolla, CA, United States, (2)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Integrative Oceanography Division, La Jolla, CA, United States
Nicholas Beaird, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States and Fiammetta Straneo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States
Andreas Muenchow and Peter Washam, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United States
Ivan Gonçalves de Castro Ferreira1, Natascha Menezes Bergo1 and Vivian H. Pellizari2, (1)Oceanographic Institute University of São Paulo, Biological Oceanography, São Paulo, Brazil, (2)Oceanographic Institute University of Sao Paulo, Biological Oceanography, São Paulo, Brazil
Dustin Carroll1, David Sutherland2, Beth Curry3, Jonathan D Nash4, Emily Shroyer4, Ginny A Catania5, Leigh A Stearns6, Craig Lee7 and Laura de Steur8, (1)University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States, (2)University of Oregon, Department of Earth Sciences, Eugene, OR, United States, (3)Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, (4)Oregon State Univ, Corvallis, OR, United States, (5)University of Texas, Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States, (6)University of Kansas, Department of Geology, Lawrence, KS, United States, (7)Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, (8)Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Melissa Chierici, Institute of Marine Research, Tromsø, Norway, Agneta Fransson, Norwegian Polar Institute, Oceanography, Tromso, Norway, Ylva Ericson, University Centre in Svalbard, Arctic Geophysics, Longyearbyen, Norway, Eva Falck, University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norway and Svein Kistiansen, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway
Surendra Adhikari1, Erik Roman Ivins2 and Eric Y Larour1, (1)Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)Caltech/JPL, Pasadena, CA, United States
Torsten Kanzow, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany, Andreas Muenchow, Univ Delaware, Newark, DE, United States and Janin Schaffer, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany
Kristin M Schild1, David Sutherland1, Fiammetta Straneo2, Pedro Elosegui3 and Twila A Moon4, (1)University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States, (2)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (3)CSIC, Barcelona, Spain, (4)University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8, United Kingdom
David Sutherland1, Twila A Moon2, Dustin Carroll1, Laura M Kehrl3, Fiammetta Straneo4, Denis Felikson5 and Kristin M Schild6, (1)University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States, (2)University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8, United Kingdom, (3)Applied Physics Laboratory University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, (4)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, (5)University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, (6)Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States
Erin C Pettit1, Matthew C Zeh2, Jason M Amundson3, Preston Wilson2, Jonathan D Nash4, David Sutherland5, Christian Keinholz3, Rebecca H Jackson6 and Roman J Motyka7, (1)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (2)University of Texas at Austin, Mechanical Engineering, Austin, TX, United States, (3)University of Alaska Southeast, Juneau, AK, United States, (4)Oregon State Univ, Corvallis, OR, United States, (5)University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States, (6)Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States, (7)Univ Alaska-Geophysical Inst, Juneau, AK, United States
Craig R Smith1, Andrew K Sweetman2, Clifton Charles Nunnally3, McKenna Lewis1, Maria Vernet4, Lindsey Ekern4 and Amanda Ziegler1, (1)University of Hawaii at Manoa, Oceanography, Honolulu, HI, United States, (2)Heriot-Watt University, Lyell Centre, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, (3)Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin, LA, United States, (4)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Integrative Oceanography Division, La Jolla, CA, United States
Alex Forrest, University of California Davis, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Davis, CA, United States; University of California Davis, Tahoe Environmental Research Center, Incline Village, NV, United States, Pierre Dutrieux, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, NY, United States, Won Sang Lee, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, South Korea, Craig L Stevens, NIWA National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand, Danielle Haulsee, University of Delaware, Oceanography, Lewes, DE, United States, Damien Guihen, University of Tasmania, Australian Maritime College, Launceston, Australia, Cassie Bongiovanni, University of New Hampshire, Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping Joint Hydrographic Center, Durham, NH, United States and Nathan Kemp, Blue Ocean Monitoring, Perth, Australia
Sarah Neuhaus, University of California Santa Cruz, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA, United States, Slawek M Tulaczyk, Univ California Santa Cruz, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA, United States and Carolyn Branecky, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States
Hilde Oliver1, Pierre St-Laurent2, Robert M Sherrell3 and Patricia L Yager1, (1)University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States, (2)Old Dominion University, Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, Norfolk, VA, United States, (3)Rutgers Univ, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, New Brunswick, NJ, United States
Kristin Liisa Laidre, Polar Science Center, Seattle, WA, United States, Malene Simon, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Greenland Climate Research Centre, Nuuk, Greenland and Ian G Fenty, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States
Claudia Cenedese1, Eric Hester2 and Craig Daniel McConnochie1, (1)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Physical Oceanography Department, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (2)University of Sydney, School of Mathematics and Statistics, Sydney, Australia
Darren Pilcher, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean/NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, United States, Samantha Siedlecki, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States, Albert J Hermann, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, United States, Kenneth Coyle, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, United States, Jeremy T Mathis, NOAA, Climate Program Office, Silver Spring, MD, United States and Wiley Evans, Hakai Institute, Heriot Bay, BC, Canada
Andrew MacWhorter Friedrichs1, Alexander Forrest2, Holly J Oldroyd2, Andrew K Hamilton3 and Derek Mueller4, (1)University of California Davis, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Davis, CA, United States, (2)University of California - Davis, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Davis, CA, United States, (3)University of British Columbia, Department of Civil Engineering, Vancouver, BC, Canada, (4)Carleton University, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Naoya Kanna1, Shin Sugiyama2, Ohashi Yoshihiko3, Daiki Sakakibara4, Bungo Nishizawa5, Izumi Asaji6, Yasushi Fukamachi2 and Daiki Nomura7, (1)Hokkaido University, Arctic Research Center, Sapporo, United States, (2)Hokkaido University, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo, Japan, (3)Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Sapporo, Japan, (4)Hokkaido University, Arctic Research Center, Sapporo, Japan, (5)Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Japan, (6)Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Japan, (7)Hokkaido University, Faculty of Fisheries Science, Hakodate, Japan
Mattias Rolf Cape1, Heidi M Sosik1, Fiammetta Straneo2 and Matthew A Charette1, (1)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (2)Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States
Katherine Trahanovsky, University of Alaska Fairbanks, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Fairbanks, AK, United States and Terry E Whitledge, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, United States