Toward sustained Arctic and Antarctic marine observing systems: High-latitude in situ measurements and sampling, autonomous platforms, observing system design and implementation

Session ID#: 29807

Session Description:
Rapid changes in key environmental parameters highlight the importance of sustained (>10 years) Arctic and Antarctic monitoring systems targeted to address specific scientific questions and serve societal information needs. Broadly distributed, long-term, continuous measurements are needed to resolve trends in the presence of energetic interannual (and increasingly seasonal) variability. In situ measurements in particular are essential to progress in high-latitude oceanography, and the extreme high latitudes present unique practical challenges to ocean and ice measurement and instrumentation. Autonomous platforms (moored ocean observatories, drifting ice-based systems, floats, UUVs) provide a scalable, cost-effective means for accessing key spatial and temporal scales that are impractical to sample using conventional approaches (e.g. icebreakers, aircraft, ice camps). Specifically, autonomous approaches can provide continuous sampling of large regions, sustained over years and decades, that resolves (sub)daily variability across atmosphere, sea ice and ocean. The findings of multiple community reports and white papers agree that an Arctic Ocean observing system built around autonomous platforms is critical to successful sustained sampling. This session invites presentations on tools and techniques that enable autonomous in situ high-latitude oceanography across all disciplines (biology/chemistry/physics/engineering) and spatial scales (microscopic to basin), with a particular focus on design and implementation of sustained high-latitude observing systems.
Primary Chair:  Hajo Eicken, University of Alaska Fairbanks, International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK, United States
Co-chairs:  Madeline D Miller, Harvard University, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Cambridge, MA, United States, Sarah Webster, Applied Physics Lab, Univ of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States and Craig Lee, Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States
Index Terms:

1616 Climate variability [GLOBAL CHANGE]
1621 Cryospheric change [GLOBAL CHANGE]
4207 Arctic and Antarctic oceanography [OCEANOGRAPHY: GENERAL]
4894 Instruments, sensors, and techniques [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL]
  • BN - Biogeochemistry and Nutrients
  • IS - Ocean Observatories, Instrumentation and Sensing Technologies
  • PO - Physical Oceanography: Other
  • RS - Regional Studies

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

Maxime Geoffroy1, Berge Jørgen2,3, Geir Johnsen4, Finlo Cottier5, Bodil Bluhm6 and Pierre Priou1, (1)Marine Institute of Memorial University, Centre for Fisheries Ecosystems Research, St. John's, NF, Canada, (2)The University Centre in Svalbard, Arctic Biology, Longyearbyen, Norway, (3)UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway, (4)Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Depts of Biology and Marine Technology, Trondheim, Norway, (5)Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban, United Kingdom, (6)UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway
Richard K Dewey1, Scott McLean1, Kim Juniper2 and Benoit Pirenne1, (1)Ocean Networks Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada, (2)University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
Jason D Sagers, Megan S Ballard, Richard D Lenhart, Geno F Gargas, Ira J Morgan and Michael E Vavrek, Organization Not Listed, Austin, TX, United States
Clark Richards, James Hamilton and Merle Pittman, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
Daniel J Torres1, Paul Fucile2, Stefano Suman3, Sylvia T Cole3, Marshall Swartz2, Glenn McDonald4, John Toole1, Andrew Spielvogel5 and Andreas M Thurnherr6, (1)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (2)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (3)WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (4)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, AOPE, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (5)Johns Hopkins University, Mechanical Engineering, Balitmore, MD, United States, (6)Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, New York, NY, United States
Phillippa Bricher, Southern Ocean Observing System, Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies, Hobart, Australia, Joana Beja, British Oceanographic Data Center, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Stephen C Diggs, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States, Andrew Constable, Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, Australia, Louise Newman, SOOS IPO, Hobart, Australia and Sebastiaan Swart, University of Gothenburg, Department of Marine Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden
Marcel Nicolaus, Mario Hoppmann, Christian Katlein and Benjamin Rabe, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany
Hajo Eicken1, Andrew R Mahoney2, Olivia Astillero Lee3, Mark A Johnson4, Joshua Jones2, Yasushi Fukamachi5, Kay I Ohshima6 and Craig George7, (1)University of Alaska Fairbanks, International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (2)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (3)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (4)University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, Fairbanks, AK, United States, (5)Hokkaido University, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo, Japan, (6)Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Japan, (7)North Slope Borough, Barrow, AK, United States
David Felton Porter, Columbia University of New York, Palisades, NY, United States, Scott R Springer, Earth and Space Research, Seattle, WA, United States, Laurence Padman, Earth & Space Research, Corvallis, OR, United States, Helen Amanda Fricker, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, United States and Robin Elizabeth Bell, Lamont -Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY, United States
Linda Mackay and Scott Williams, Organization Not Listed, Burnaby, BC, Canada