ME14A:
Building Resilience: Exploring the Role of Marine Protected Areas in the Face of Changing Ocean Conditions I eLightning

Session ID#: 93367

Session Description:
As ocean conditions become increasingly variable, unpredictable, and unprecedented, anticipating and addressing impacts to valuable marine resource has becoming a growing challenge. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are recognized around the world as an effective strategy for marine conservation and ocean management. From individual MPAs to networks, regional to national, reserves, conservation areas, and sanctuaries, the type and number of protected ocean areas has grown dramatically in the past decade. As the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems have come more sharply into focus, scientific understanding of the role of MPAs may play in building ecosystem resilience has increased. This session will explore the role of MPAs in imparting or enhancing resilience of species, ecosystems, and/or communities at the local, regional, national, or international level. Of particular interest will be innovative and novel technological and scientific approaches that can be applied to MPA management, especially within the context of changing ocean conditions.
Co-Sponsor(s):
  • OC - Ocean Change: Acidification and Hypoxia
  • PC - Past, Present and Future Climate
  • PI - Physical-Biological Interactions
Index Terms:

1635 Oceans [GLOBAL CHANGE]
4858 Population dynamics and ecology [OCEANOGRAPHY: BIOLOGICAL]
6309 Decision making under uncertainty [POLICY SCIENCES & PUBLIC ISSUES]
6620 Science policy [POLICY SCIENCES & PUBLIC ISSUES]
Primary Chair:  Michael Esgro, Ocean Protection Council, Sacramento, CA, United States
Co-chairs:  Gretchen Hofmann1, Hayley Carter2 and Jessica Kauzer2, (1)University of California Santa Barbara, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, Santa Barbara, CA, United States(2)California Ocean Science Trust, Oakland, CA, United States
Primary Liaison:  Michael Esgro, Ocean Protection Council, Sacramento, CA, United States
Moderators:  Michael Esgro, Ocean Protection Council, Sacramento, CA, United States and Gretchen Hofmann, University of California Santa Barbara, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, Santa Barbara, CA, United States
Student Paper Review Liaison:  Michael Esgro, Ocean Protection Council, Sacramento, CA, United States

Abstracts Submitted to this Session:

 
Effects of Age Structure and Spatial Diversity on Resilience in Networks of MPAs (644512)
Caren Barceló, UC Davis, Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, Davis, CA, United States, Will White, Oregon State University, Fisheries and Wildlife, Corvallis, OR, United States, Louis W Botsford, Univ California, Davis, CA, United States and Alan Hastings, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
 
New Classification Schemes Reveal MPAs Don’t Buffer Climate Driven Fish Community Shifts (655740)
Ryan Freedman1, Jennifer Caselle2, Jennifer Brown3 and Chris Caldow1, (1)NOAA National Ocean Service, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (2)UC Santa Barbara, Marine Science Institute, United States, (3)NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries, United States
 
Environmental variability introduces time lags into marine protected area responses (656112)
Kerry Jean Nickols, California State University Northridge, Northridge, CA, United States, Will White, Oregon State University, Fisheries and Wildlife, Corvallis, OR, United States, Caren Barceló, UC Davis, Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, Davis, CA, United States, Alan Hastings, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States and Louis W Botsford, Univ California, Davis, CA, United States
 
Monitoring Marine Protected Areas with Citizen Science (643942)
Giovanni Rapacciuolo1, Alison Young1, Michael Esgro2 and Rebecca Johnson1, (1)California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA, United States, (2)Ocean Protection Council, Sacramento, CA, United States
 
Scale Matters: Understanding how small-scale interactions may determine the success of Marine Protected Areas (652721)
Taylor Eddy, California State University Monterey Bay, Seaside, CA, United States, Steven Yitzchak Litvin, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, United States and Corey Garza, California State University Monterey Bay, Marine Science, Seaside, CA, United States
 
Targeted Metabarcoding to Assess the Possible Effects of Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia in the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (648854)
Christopher Paight, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Ocean Environment Research Division, Seattle, WA, United States, Carol A Stepien, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, United States and Jenny Waddell, NOAA Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, WA, United States
 
What Can Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas Protect? Connecting Home Ranges to Species Protection in the New 500,000 km2 Palau National Marine Sanctuary (657687)
Allison Dedrick1, Emily Kelly2, Alfredo Giron3, Collin J. Closek4,5, Staci Lewis6, Lucie Hazen6, Eric Henry Hartge2, Yimnang Golbuu7, Jim Leape6 and Fiorenza Micheli8, (1)Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, United States, (2)Stanford Center for Ocean Solutions, CA, United States, (3)National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, CA, United States, (4)South Beach, OR, United States, (5)Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States, (6)Stanford Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford, CA, United States, (7)Palau International Coral Reef Center, Koror, Palau, (8)Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States
 
Using soundscapes to monitor species assemblages and vessel presence in two Australian marine parks (651113)
Jessica McCordic1, Annamaria I DeAngelis1, Logan Kline1,2, Candace McBride3, Giverny Rodgers3, Timothy Rowell1, Jeremy Smith3, Jenni Stanley4, Andrew Read5 and Sofie M. Van Parijs6, (1)under contract to Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (2)University of Maine, Ecology and Environmental Sciences Program, Orono, ME, United States, (3)Parks Australia, Canberra, ACT, Australia, (4)Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Biology, Woods Hole, MA, United States, (5)National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia, (6)Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Woods Hole, MA, United States
 
Are Australian Commonwealth marine protected areas climate ready? (644960)
Andrew M Fischer, University of Tasmania, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Hobart, TAS, Australia and Jia Sheng Danny Tan, University of Tasmania, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Launceston, TAS, Australia
 
Caribbean Challenge Initiative StoryMap: Interactively tracking progress towards the 20-by-20 ocean protection goal (653931)
Valerie McNulty, The Nature Conservancy’s Caribbean Program, San Diego, CA, United States and Steve Schill, The Nature Conservancy’s Caribbean Program, Salt Lake City, United States